This is the "Cite Data and Statistics" page of the "Finding Data and Statistics" guide.
Alternate Page for Screenreader Users
Skip to Page Navigation
Skip to Page Content

Finding Data and Statistics  

Last Updated: Oct 29, 2015 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

Cite Data and Statistics Print Page

Citation Styles

When using data and statistics it is important to provide a citation to acknowledge the creator/producer and to point others to the resource.

Citations for data sets and statistics often include components similar to other types of citations:

  • Creator/Producer/Author
  • Title of resource
  • Year of publication
  • Publisher or the archive/repository where the resource is held
  • Version or edition
  • Access information (often a DOI or URL)

Below are resources for citing sources in APA, MLA, Chicago, and AMA as well as basic guidelines for citing data and statistics in APA. For additional style guides, please visit the NDSU Center for Writers' website.


Citation Resources

APA (American Psychological Association)

MLA (Modern Language Association)

 Chicago Manual of Style

AMA (American Medical Association)


APA (American Psychological Association)

**APA is the only style guide that explicitly explains how to cite data and statistical tables, please consult your professor or the correct style guide if you are not using APA**

      Data Sets

Author/Rights Holder/Organization. (Year). Title of data set (Version number if available) [Description of form/format]. Location:          Name of producer OR Retrieved from http://...

United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (2008). Indiana income limits [Data file]. Retrieved from

      Qualitative Data and Online Interviews

  • "If an interview is not retrievable in audio or print form, cite the interview only in the text (not the reference list) and provide the month, day, and year in the text. If an audio file or transcript is available online, use the model below" (Purdue OWL APA Reference List: Electronic Sources):

Interviewer Name (Interviewer) & Interviewee Name (Inteviewee). (Year). Name of transcript/interview [Medium]. Retrieved from          Name of  Website: http://...

Butler, C. (Interviewer) & Stevenson, R. (Interviewee). (1999). Oral History 2 [Interview transcript]. Retrieved from Johnson Space          Center Oral Histories Project Web site:

      Statistics (Graphical Representations of Data)

Author/Rights Holder/Organization (Year). [Brief explanation of data type and its form/format]. Title of statistical representation.          Retrieved from http://...

Pew Research Center. (2015). [Chart showing percentage of respondents who got news about politics and government in the          previous week from each source listed]. Political media habits across Millenials, Gen Xers and Baby Boomers. Retrieved          from


Get Help

Questions about Data and Statistics? Contact Jylisa Doney or Alicia Kubas.

You can also ask for help by using the chat window.

North Dakota State University Libraries
NDSU Dept #2080 PO Box 6050
Fargo, ND 58108-6050
Reference (701) 231-8886
Circulation (701) 231-8888

Loading  Loading...